Racism is when someone's treated differently or unfairly just because of their race or culture. People can also experience prejudice, when a decision is made or opinion formed without knowledge, thought or reason, because of their religion or nationality.
Racism takes many different forms. These can include:
- written or verbal threats or insults
- damage to property, including graffiti
- personal attacks of any kind, including violence
- being treated differently or being excluded because of your race or culture
- having people make assumptions about you because of your race or culture
- people making racist jokes.
Racism can affect anyone. It exists in all races and cultures. If someone is abused or treated unfairly just because of their race, background or culture, this is racism - no matter where they're from.
You can also be affected by racism that isn't directed at you. For example, if you hear someone discriminating against someone else's culture. Even though you're not from that culture, you might still find hearing it offensive.